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2015

Karen Clark & Company Releases New U.S. Earthquake Reference Model within RiskInsight

Karen Clark & Company's new RiskInsight Earthquake Reference Model is the first in the industry to account for the findings of the latest US Geological Survey. The new report better recognizes the uncertainty in the locations and magnitudes of future events and includes more multi-fault rupture scenarios.

Karen Clark & Company Releases Updated U.S. Earthquake Model

Karen Clark & Company released a new Earthquake Reference Model as part of the RiskInsight open loss modeling platform to incorporate updated seismicity assumptions and ground motion attenuation functions based on the latest US Geological Survey.

Large California Earthquake More Likely

There is an increased probability of magnitude 8 and larger events hitting California, according to a new Karen Clark & Company analysis of the latest US Geological Survey. Karen Clark & Company is the first modeling company to incorporate this set of USGS findings into its earthquake model tool, accounting for new information about risks to California and the Pacific Northwest.

Karen Clark Adds US Earthquake Reference Model to Modeling Platform

Karen Clark & Company introduces the new RiskInsight Earthquake Reference Model incorporating the latest US Geological Survey report. The model accounts for all fault-based seismic sources and implements gridded background seismicity to account for unknown faults. It can be used to estimate losses on portfolios of properties along with individual policies and accounts.

Karen Clark & Co. Releases New U.S. Earthquake Reference Model

Karen Clark & Company has released the RiskInsight Earthquake Reference Model to account for the new data and multi-fault rupture scenarios, including an increased probability of magnitude 8 and larger events in California and the higher frequency of earthquakes in the southern section of the Cascadia Seismic Zone.

Hurricane Patricia highlights role for ILS on peak exposures: Karen Clark

Hurricane Patricia was one of the strongest storms ever recorded, and its losses could have been far worse had the storm taken a different path. A new report from Karen Clark & Company looks at the potential losses if a storm of equal intensity were to hit downtown Miami, highlighting a growing need for insurance-linked securities to supplement traditional reinsurance for peak U.S. exposures.

Industry should focus on hurricanes

Karen Clark discusses industry exposure to hurricanes and earthquakes and why insurers should be focused more on a severe Florida hurricane than a California quake. According to Ms. Clark, a quake would you would need almost a half a trillion dollar loss for the insurance industry to have a loss the size of Katrina. That type of earthquake event is significantly less probable than a $250 billion loss from a Miami hurricane.

Report: Miami region fourth-most vulnerable to costly 100-year hurricane storm surge

According to a report by Karen Clark & Company, the Miami area is the fourth most vulnerable region to storm surge in a 100-year hurricane event. The 100-year event, which for Miami is a Category 5 storm with top wind speeds of 165 mph, would cause nearly $80 billion in losses due to storm surge.

How Insurers Are Building Bespoke Catastrophe Models

Advancements in technology have made it possible for insurers to build their own catastrophe models, creating a significant opportunity for the insurance industry. Here, Karen Clark explains why insurers are smart to build bespoke models, the characteristics of a model and the model building process.

Modeling platform update enhances global mapping, interactivity

Karen Clark & Company released an update to RiskInsight® that includes more detailed and interactive underwriter and CEO dashboards, advanced model-building tools and enhanced global mapping capabilities. The updates will enhance user experience and allow insurers, resinsurers and ILS firms to generate their own views of risk.

Karen Clark & Company updates RiskInsight platform

Karen Clark & Company announced an update to its RiskInsight® platform, helping insurers and reinsurers to better create their own view of risk as expected of them by rating agencies and regulators. The RI4 update includes enhancements to the platform's model-building tools, HazardMapper and DamageRatesManager, to make it easier for model builders to create high resolution probabilistic catastrophe models reflecting their own knowledge, expertise and views of risk.

Karen Clark & Company's RiskInsight Open Loss Modeling Platform Introduces Advanced Tools

The newly released RI4 update to RiskInsight® allows insurers and reinsurers to build hurricane and earthquake models anywhere in the world by adding custom event catalogs and damage functions appropriate for specific peril region. The open platform tool’s update includes detailed global soil maps and terrain datasets covering all countries and territories.

Karen Clark & Co. updates RiskInsight open loss modeling platform

Karen Clark & Company released a new update to its RiskInsight® open model platform, which will allow firms to develop and generate high resolution probabilistic catastrophe models reflecting their own knowledge, expertise and views of risk. This capability is a key development for the reinsurance and ILS market in particular.

RiskInsight update allows users to build own models

With the RI4 update for RiskInsight®, users will have access to advanced model-building tools as well as better mapping capabilities and enhanced dashboards to generate their own views of risk.

Report: Florida Cities Most Vulnerable to Storm Surge

Although much attention is paid to New Orleans and New York, the Tampa/St. Petersburg area is actually more vulnerable to storm surge flooding than those cities. A report from Karen Clark & Company found that wider, more gently sloping continental shelves with large shallow water areas put the Florida coastline at high risk. Other Florida cities ranking in the top eight U.S. cities most vulnerable to storm surge include Miami, Fort Myers and Sarasota.

Modelling in focus: US storm surge

To mark the 10th anniversary of Hurricane Katrina, catastrophe risk experts studied the potential losses for U.S. cities vulnerable to storm surge, with new research pointing to Tampa as most at risk. Here, Trading Risk compares rankings from Karen Clark & Company's "Most Vulnerable US Cities to Storm Surge Flooding" report with other industry estimates.

Eye of the Storm

Hurricane Katrina created significant change in the insurance industry, from risk management to preparedness and catastrophe modeling. Karen Clark discusses the post-Katrina development of open loss modeling platforms and the characteristic event method for monitoring exposure accumulations.

A perfect storm

To mark the 10-year anniversary of Hurricane Katrina, Reactions examines how the storm changed the re/insurance space, including the spur in innovation for the modeling industry in response. Exposure data quality and models that did not account for storm surge were cause for much of the shock insurers felt after Katrina. In response, Karen Clark founded Karen Clark & Company to address the gaps in traditional models by creating a more transparent tool for evaluating risk and exposure.

No One Is Ready for the Next Katrina

A decade after Hurricane Katrina devastated New Orleans, coastal cities are still extremely vulnerable despite infrastructure such as levees. A recent Karen Clark & Company report on cities most vulnerable to storm surge is cited in this analysis of continued risk for U.S. cities.

Tampa/St. Petersburg most vulnerable to storm surge flooding damage, with loss potential of US$175 billion: Karen Clark

Flooding from a 100-year hurricane could spur losses exceeding US$100 billion in three cities – Tampa Bay/St. Petersburg, New Orleans and New York – according to a new report from Karen Clark & Company. Due to its unique coastline features, local bathymetry and the low coastal elevations, Tampa Bay/St. Petersburg ranks as the most vulnerable.

Tampa Bay is the most vulnerable metro area to hurricane damages, study shows

The Tampa Bay/St. Petersburg area is the most vulnerable U.S. region to flood damages from a 100-year hurricane, a new study from Karen Clark & Company found. Tampa's 100-year hurricane is defined as a strong category 4 with top winds of 150 mph, and storm surge damages from such a storm would reach up to $175 billion. The study also ranks Fort Myers, Miami and Sarasota in the top eight most vulnerable U.S. cities.

Katrina's Impact on Catastrophe Modelling and Management

Following Hurricane Andrew, insurers realized the importance of catastrophe models in managing risk. More than a decade later, their overdependence on the traditional models became apparent in the wake of Katrina. Here, Karen Clark discusses the innovation that occurred after Katrina to bring greater transparency to risk modeling.

Hurricane Katrina's Legacy

The insurance industry faced unanticipated losses in the wake of Hurricane Katrina, revealing an overreliance on traditional catastrophe models. In response, the industry has seen a number of crucial advances in open platform technology and storm surge modeling to better manage catastrophe risk.

US Cities Most at Risk from Storm Surges

A new report from Karen Clark & Company finds Tampa and St Petersburg are the US cities most vulnerable to storm surge risk, with a loss potential of $175 billion. The report also notes that most of the flood damage potential, across the ten most vulnerable cities, is not currently insured, presenting a big opportunity for insurers.

Calm before the Storm?

Due to demographic factors, Canada is more vulnerable to floods and earthquakes than hurricanes. With the exception of a few fast-moving hurricanes, like the Great New England of 1938 and Hazel of 1954, Canada has not been greatly impacted by North Atlantic storms. Here, Karen Clark looks at whether climate change and increased hurricane intensity could expand geographic impact and make Canada more susceptible to North Atlantic storms.

No immediate threat to ILS investments from climate change, says report

Climate change has had no measurable impact on hurricane activity to date, according to Karen Clark. The loss potential for the catastrophe market resulting from North Atlantic hurricanes is basically the same this year as it was last year, which is roughly the same as five years ago, and will most likely be the same in another five years.

Climate Change Not Yet Boosting Atlantic Hurricane Activity: Karen Clark & Co.

While climate change is impacting hurricane formation and intensity, the five-year time horizon relevant to most investors shows that other factors are more important to predicting cat losses, such as accurately forecasting hurricane landfalls, according to a report from Karen Clark & Company. Investors with a longer investment horizon should keep in mind that longer-term conditions should see a higher demand for catastrophe reinsurance.

Hurricane losses 'could double by end of century'

Losses from hurricanes could double by the end of the 21st century due to conditions created by climate change. Storm surge losses are likely to increase with rising sea levels, and greater maximum wind speeds will compound the hurricane losses in vulnerable areas. These changes will drive demand for catastrophe reinsurance in the long-term, but the near-term market should remain relatively unaffected.

Climate change 'not an issue' for hurricane insurance investors

Investors in catastrophic hurricane insurance markets have little to fear from the effects of climate change because their time horizon– typically three to five years – is much shorter than the time frames climatologists consider when studying climate change, according to a report from Karen Clark & Company.

Moderate Hurricane Season Predicted, But Storm Risks Remain

Despite predictions of a quiet hurricane season, Category 5 storms can happen at any time. Karen Clark reflects on Hurricane Andrew, one of only three Category 5 hurricanes to hit the U.S coast since 1900, which hit during an inactive hurricane season.

Can Karen Clark Move Forward the Cat Modeling Industry She Helped Create?

In this profile, Karen Clark shares her perspective on her career, leadership and innovation. Ms. Clark discusses the passion that led her to create the first cat modeling company and to continue to develop new technologies and resources for the insurance industry.

U.S. Coastal Regions Hold Bulk of Insured Property Values

As of last year, U.S insured property values exceed $90 trillion with significant pockets of concentrated value in vulnerable coastal areas. New risk management metrics, like the Characteristic Event approach, can better help monitor these exposures, according to a new report from Karen Clark & Company.

How to Manage Risk of Valuable Properties Concentrated in Coastal Areas

Highly vulnerable areas such as metro-Miami, Los Angeles, the Galveston-Houston region and Atlantic coasts account for a large portion of the U.S. insured property values. A new report from Karen Clark & Company calls for the insurance industry to adopt additional tools to develop a more comprehensive view of risk and to better understand the potential losses accompanying increasing property values.

PML’s leave re/insurers over-exposed to losses, ILS can help: Karen Clark

Karen Clark & Company’s new report, Increasing Concentrations of Property Values and Catastrophe Risk in the US, examines the potential impact of rising property values and how innovative insurance and reinsurance methods and insurance-linked securities (ILS) can more effectively monitor their concentrate exposure.

Location, location, location: Higher property values increase potential catastrophic losses

Karen Clark & Company has found, when contents and time element exposures are added in, estimated insured property values in the U.S. exceed $90 trillion. Increasingly concentrated pockets of exposure leave insurers vulnerable to mega-catastrophe losses due to natural disasters.

Miami hurricane could yield unprecedented $250 billion in losses: report

A new analysis from Karen Clark & Company has found that if a 100 year hurricane were to hit Miami, it would create $250 billion in losses, which is double what’s projected by current PMLs. Increased property values and a high concentration of value has made urban coastal areas more vulnerable than ever, and insurers need to develop a more comprehensive view of their exposure in order to manage risk in these regions.

100 year hurricane could cause more than $250B losses in Florida

As noted in a new report from Karen Clark & Company, coastal property values in Florida have risen from $870 billion to over $3.7 trillion since Hurricane Andrew struck south of Miami in 1992. Because of steadily increasing property values, in Miami and other U.S. coastal areas, the potential insured losses from natural disasters are much larger than what most insurers have assumed their maximum losses could be.

Higher property values in nat cat-prone areas in U.S. hike opportunity for mega-cat losses: paper

Karen Clark & Company estimates that insured property values increased 9% from 2012 to 2014. In a new report, Increasing Concentrations of Property Values and Catastrophe Risk in the U.S., KCC uses Characteristic Events to illustrate why insurers should be monitoring exposure concentrations in light of increasing property values in vulnerable areas like California, Florida and Texas.

U.S. Insured Property Values Reach New Heights and Cluster in Coastal Regions

The insurance industry typically uses multiples of probable maximum losses (PMLs) to manage risk, and rating agencies and regulators rely on those calculations to monitor solvency. However, PMLs do not account for the increasing property values and concentrated areas of exposure along the U.S. coastline. A new report from Karen Clark & Company identifies these vulnerable regions and offers the Characteristic Event methodology as an additional tool insurers can utilize to gain greater insight into their exposure to losses.

100 Year Event Losses vs. Insurer Estimates

Highly concentrated property values mean insurers will face losses that far exceed their estimated 100 year probable maximum loss, according to a new report from Karen Clark & Company.

Highest valued U.S. properties face bigger natural risks

Property values along the coasts and in earthquake-prone areas continue to grow faster than the general rate of growth across the country, according to a new report from Karen Clark & Company. The cost to replace structures damaged by natural disasters has grown too, which is a key reason insurers should be incorporating new methods of monitoring their concentrated exposure.

Water Surge

The variety in types of flood makes it difficult to define the peril and develop one standard catastrophe model. Despite this challenge, insurers can use open modeling platforms to evaluate flood risk. Here, Karen Clark examines flood risks for the Canadian market and how scenario-type models can inform underwriting and risk management decisions.

Climate Change Modeling on Cusp of Paradigm Shift

Insurers and reinsurers are looking for access to climate-related data, and catastrophe modeling companies are updating their tools to meet the demand. Karen Clark discusses how the RiskInsight® HazardMapper module helps clients to test the impact of potentially more frequent extreme weather events on their portfolios.

What Boards Would Like to Know About Catastrophe Losses

The catastrophe model-generated EP curves—and more specifically the "probable maximum losses" (PMLs) derived from those curves—provide only a partial picture of a company's large loss potential. Adding newer information on return period events, where the probabilities are based on the hazard versus the loss, gives more insight into tail risk and provides advanced metrics for monitoring "informal" risk tolerances. Here, Karen Clark illustrates how one chart can summarize multiple risk metrics for a succinct and complete picture of your company's catastrophe loss potential.

Karen Clark & Company Introduces New U.S. Storm Surge Model

Karen Clark & Company announced the release of its detailed, high resolution and fully transparent storm surge model for the U.S. The new storm surge model accounts for all of the influences on coastal flooding, including storm intensity, radius of maximum winds, coastal bathymetry, and the presence of inlets or bays.

Karen Clark releases US storm surge model

The new US storm surge model from Karen Clark & Company, which will be presented to the Florida Commission on Hurricane Loss Projection Methodology this month, allows users to identify locations vulnerable to storm surge flooding.

Karen Clark & Co. CEO: New Storm Surge Model Could Help Private Flood Market

Because companies feel they can't assess the loss potential for flood and storm surge accurately, they are hesitant to offer more insurance, according to Karen Clark. KCC's new U.S. storm surge model will provide insights to help the development of the private flood market.

Karen Clark & Co. launches U.S. storm surge risk model

Karen Clark & Company's new high-resolution U.S. storm surge model may help ILS investors to get more comfortable with this risk by offering greater transparency into localized perils.

Karen Clark Rolls Out New U.S. High - Res Storm Surge Model

Part of the RiskInsight platform, Karen Clark & Company's new U.S. storm surge model allows insurers to identify locations vulnerable to storm surge flooding, calculate the total insurable value they have exposed by water depth and apply detailed vulnerability curves to estimate losses.

Clark Expands Into Storm Surge Modelling With a Focus On Florida

The new U.S. storm surge model from Karen Clark & Company will allow insurers to determine of total insured value by exposed water depth and vulnerability curves as well as to assess portfolio losses with and without storm surge and leakage assumption. The model also produces the 100 - and 250 - year flood zones along the coast.

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